Online Journal of Public Health Informatics https://ojphi.org/ojs/index.php/ojphi <p>Interest in informatics as a specialty in the health sciences disciplines reflects the central role that information collection, analysis, and utilization now play in the healthcare sector. New public health threats such as bioterrorism and flu pandemics will demand an improved infrastructure for disseminating information about best practices. The Online Journal of Public Health Informatics (OJPHI) strives to satisfy the growing need for a public health informatics knowledge portal by practitioners, researchers, educators, and policy makers. It is a quarterly open access, open source, peer-reviewed journal.</p> en-US Authors own copyright of their articles appearing in the Online Journal of Public Health Informatics. 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It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author. dehasnem@uic.edu (Edward Mensah, PhD) knaval14@gmail.com (Aneesh Naavaal, MD, MS) Tue, 31 Dec 2019 15:15:56 -0600 OJS 3.1.2.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Construction of an exchange interface for the transmission of laboratory results: a case of the National Tuberculosis Center https://ojphi.org/ojs/index.php/ojphi/article/view/10255 <p>Introduction</p><p>The transmission of test results by laboratories and their receipt by health facilities are common tasks in the processing of medical information. Managing the flow of information generated by these tasks remains a challenge for these centers. We describe a new system that will allow electronic management adapted to the transmission of results.</p><p>Materials and methods</p><p>The information system implemented is a client-server system including three main components: the server installed in the laboratory, the client distributed in the AntiTuberculosis Center (ATC) and the communication channel represented by a Virtual Network. The exchange protocol is based on the HL7 standard, in particular by using messages of type ORU_R01. </p><p>Results</p><p>During the two months of implementation of this electronic result transmission system between the National Tuberculosis Reference Center in Abidjan and the ATC in Adzopé, which is about 110 kilometers away, twenty laboratory results were transmitted as soon as they left the laboratory, unlike the time is taken previously, which was about 1 month. The minimalist interface and ease of use of the system have allowed it to be adopted by users.</p><p>Discussion </p><p>The use of the HL7 protocol for electronic notifications has proven its effectiveness in making transmissions of results instantaneous. Our system developed specifically addresses the problems related to the transmission of its results; reduction of transmission time, loss of paper supports, transport costs for remote sites. This system is at this level of development a proprietary system by its type of coding. The use of a code system such as LOINC would allow full interoperability between different Information Systems.</p> Constant Joseph Koné, Ndri Nda Anatole Mian, Cataud Marius GUEDE, Man-Koumba Soumahoro Copyright (c) 2019 Online Journal of Public Health Informatics https://ojphi.org/ojs/index.php/ojphi/article/view/10255 Tue, 31 Dec 2019 15:15:52 -0600 Improving Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Knowledge and Skills to Develop Health Research Capacity in Kenya https://ojphi.org/ojs/index.php/ojphi/article/view/10323 <p>Objectives</p><p>Information and communication technology (ICT) tools are increasingly important for clinical care, research, data management, international collaborations, and dissemination. Many technologies would be particularly useful for healthcare workers in resource-limited settings; however, these individuals are the least likely to utilize ICT tools, in part because they lack knowledge and skills necessary to use them. Our program aimed to train researchers in low-resource settings on using ICT tools.</p><p>Methods</p><p>We conducted a tiered, blended learning program for researchers in Kenya on three areas of ICT: geographic information systems, data management, and communication tools. Tiers included didactic online courses for 100-300 students for each topic, skills workshops for 30 students, and mentored projects for 10. Concurrently, a training of trainers course comprised of an online course and a skills workshop to ensure sustainable ongoing training.</p><p>Results</p><p>Course ratings were high, particularly when participants engaged in hands-on skill building activities. Teaching that incorporated local examples was most valuable. Discussion boards were sometimes distracting, depending on multiple factors. Mentored projects were most useful when there were clear expectations, pre-existing projects or data, and clear timelines.</p><p>Discussion</p><p>Training in the use of ICT tools is essential to improve their use among researchers in low-income settings. However, very few training courses have been described. Our students demonstrated acquisition of new skills and felt these skills to be valuable in their workplaces.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>Further and ongoing training in ICT skills should be considered in other low-resource settings, and could use our program as a foundational model.</p> Aliza Monroe-Wise, John Kinuthia, Sherrilynne Fuller, Matthew Dunbar, David Masuda, Elisha Opiyo, Betty Muchai, Christopher Chepken, Elijah Omwenga, Robert Oboko, Alfred Osoti, Daniel Masys, Michael H Chung Copyright (c) 2019 Online Journal of Public Health Informatics https://ojphi.org/ojs/index.php/ojphi/article/view/10323 Tue, 31 Dec 2019 15:15:54 -0600 Citizen Science Models in Health Research: an Australian Commentary https://ojphi.org/ojs/index.php/ojphi/article/view/10358 <p class="Standard">This commentary explores how established citizen science models can inform and support meaningful engagement of the public in health research in Australia. In particular, with the growth in participatory health research approaches and increasing consumer participation in contributing to this research through digital technologies, there are gaps in our understanding of best practice in health and biomedical citizen science research to address these paradigm shifts. Notable gaps are how we might more clearly define the parameters of such research and which citizen science models might best support digitally-enabled participation falling within these. Further work in this area is expected to lead to how established citizen science methods may help improve the quality of and the translation of public engagement in health research.</p> Ann Borda, Kathleen Gray, Laura Downie Copyright (c) 2019 Online Journal of Public Health Informatics https://ojphi.org/ojs/index.php/ojphi/article/view/10358 Tue, 31 Dec 2019 15:15:55 -0600