AbstractA large proportion of Nigerians access healthcare services in private health facilities (PHFs) but the compliance of these PHFs to the mandatory disease surveillance and reporting - a means of implementing the international health regulation of 1969 - has not been established. The recent Ebola outbreak spread to Nigeria and revealed challenges in the efficiency of the surveillance system after a suspicious case presented at a PHF. The impact of an inefficient disease surveillance system can be far reaching. Thus, we propose a study to investigate and understand factors affecting compliance of these PHFs to the country disease surveillance and response system.
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