OJPHI: Vol. 5
Journal Information
Journal ID (publisher-id): OJPHI
ISSN: 1947-2579
Publisher: University of Illinois at Chicago Library
Article Information
©2013 the author(s)
open-access: This is an Open Access article. Authors own copyright of their articles appearing in the Online Journal of Public Health Informatics. Readers may copy articles without permission of the copyright owner(s), as long as the author and OJPHI are acknowledged in the copy and the copy is used for educational, not-for-profit purposes.
Electronic publication date: Day: 4 Month: 4 Year: 2013
collection publication date: Year: 2013
Volume: 5E-location ID: e204
Publisher Id: ojphi-05-204

A Web-based Electronic Health Record System for National Surveillance
Jake R. Marcus*
Practice Fusion, San Francisco, CA, USA
*Jake R. Marcus, E-mail: jmarcus@practicefusion.com

Abstract
Objective

This showcase aims to demonstrate the viability of Practice Fusion’s web-based electronic health record system for national surveillance. Practice Fusion also wishes to provide aggregate data to public health departments for surveillance for free. This showcase also hopes to engage those potential partners around uses of the company’s research database.

Introduction

Practice Fusion is a web-based electronic health record system with over 150,000 medical professional users treating over 50 million patients. The company focuses on small, ambulatory practices and is predominately comprised of practices in the field of primary care. The user base makes it an ideal system for public health surveillance. The Research Division has undertaken pilot projects to demonstrate the viability of using the data for surveillance for acute diseases, like influenza-like illness, chronic diseases, like diabetes, and risk factors, like hypertension.

Methods

Surveillance systems based on electronic health records have clear advantages over case based reporting, but the majority of those systems are limited to the small geographical area affiliated with the hospital or health plan associated with the project. Practice Fusion has coverage in all 50 states and runs on a single, multi-tenant database making comparisons across those states and the localities within them immediately feasible. The company wishes to engage the organizations represented at ISDS in order to advance public health surveillance using the research database. It is very difficult to obtain electronic health record data currently, but with the appropriate data use agreement Practice Fusion believes that it is a moral imperative to use its aggregate data for surveillance. The Research Division has developed methods for the surveillance of influenza-like illness with its system and comparisons to the CDC have proven its viability.

Conclusions

By comparing trends and levels of influenza-like illness generated from Practice Fusion’s research database to Google Flu Trends and the gold standard estimates produced by the CDC, web-based electronic health record systems have proved to be a viable foundation for syndromic surveillance. The implementation of the system also shows that case definitions for surveillance need not be overly simplistic if they do not require cases to be submitted from physicians, but rather can be programmed to be identified through automated algorithms.


Acknowledgments

The data team at Practice Fusion


References
www.practicefusion.com
research.practicefusion.com

Article Categories:
  • ISDS 2012 Conference Abstracts

Keywords: public health surveillance, electronic health record, Practice Fusion.




Online Journal of Public Health Informatics * ISSN 1947-2579 * http://ojphi.org