Cover Image

Illustrations for Health Assessment Techniques of the Atlantic Horseshoe Crab, Limulus polyphemus

Katie Bergdale, Tim Phelps, Jill Arnold, Brent Whitaker


Horseshoe crab blood cells detect extremely small amounts
of bacteria allowing them to be used in medicine to test the
sterilization of medical devices, vaccines, and implants. This is a
worldwide standard test called Limulus Amebocyte Lysate. The
National Aquarium in Baltimore, MD, has developed guidelines
for health examinations that are aimed to improve health
maintenance and conservation strategies for horseshoe crabs.
Illustrations were created to accompany this specic literature
to ensure the overall eectiveness of the material. A total of 28
color illustrations were created to help educate veterinarians
and veterinarian technicians, aquarists, and biologists.

Full Text:



Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Biocommunication