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3D Printing of Molecular Models

Adam Gardner, Arthur Olson


Physical models have a long and important role in exploring and communicating scientific and medical concepts and structures. One of the earliest physical scientific visualizations was the orrery, a mechanical model of the solar system, which first appeared in Greece around 150 BC.  Early anatomical models, such as those made from Papier-Mache were developed in the early 19th Century. The earliest molecular models were those produced in the mid 19th century by chemists (such as Hoffman and Kekule) to visualize the nature of chemical composition. These models brought abstract or unseen structures into the context of human experience.


3D printing; molecular models; chemistry; physical structure; visualization; structural models; bioprinting

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